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Acne and Acne Scars

Dr. Ayesha Aslam

1 min read

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Acne is a common skin condition characterized by the presence of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and cysts, often occurring on the face, chest, back, and shoulders. While acne itself can be distressing, the scars it leaves behind can have long-lasting effects on self-esteem and confidence. Keep reading the article to know more about acne and acne scars and their management.

What Is Acne?

Acne occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells, leading to the growth of bacteria and inflammation. Hormonal changes, genetics, certain medications, and lifestyle factors such as diet and stress can contribute to the development of acne.

Types of Acne:

Acne can manifest in various forms, including:

  • Whiteheads: Closed comedones that appear as small, flesh-colored bumps.
  • Blackheads: Open comedones that appear as dark spots on the skin’s surface.
  • Papules and Pustules: Inflamed lesions that may be red and tender, containing pus.
  • Nodules and Cysts: Deep, painful lesions that may cause scarring and require medical intervention.

Prevention and Management of Acne

  1. Skincare Routine: Establishing a gentle skincare routine can help prevent and manage acne. This includes cleansing the skin twice daily with a mild cleanser, avoiding harsh scrubbing, and using non-comedogenic moisturizers and sunscreen.
  2. Topical Treatments: Over-the-counter and prescription topical treatments containing ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, retinoids, and azelaic acid can help reduce acne inflammation and promote skin renewal.
  3. Oral Medications: In cases of moderate to severe acne, oral medications such as antibiotics, hormonal contraceptives, and isotretinoin may be prescribed to target bacteria, regulate hormones, and reduce oil production.
  4. Professional Treatments: Dermatological procedures such as chemical peels, microdermabrasion, laser therapy, and corticosteroid injections can be effective in reducing acne lesions and improving skin texture.

Managing Acne Scars

  1. Types of Acne Scars: Acne scars can manifest as:
    • Atrophic Scars: Depressed scars caused by the loss of collagen and tissue.
    • Hypertrophic Scars: Raised scars resulting from excessive collagen production during the healing process.
    • Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: Dark spots or discoloration left behind after acne lesions heal.
  2. Treatment Options: Treatment options for acne scars may include:
    • Microneedling: Stimulates collagen production and promotes skin remodeling.
    • Chemical Peels: Exfoliate the outer layer of the skin to improve texture and tone.
    • Laser Therapy: Targets scars with high-energy light beams to stimulate collagen production and reduce pigmentation.

Visit a doctor for acne and acne scar treatment

Seeking guidance from dermatologists or skincare specialists can provide personalized treatment plans and support for managing acne and acne scars effectively.


Acne and acne scars can have significant physical and emotional effects on individuals, but with proper management, clearer skin and improved confidence are attainable goals. To get treatment for acne scars you can book an appointment with a dermatologist through oladoc.com.

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are intended to raise awareness about common health issues and should not be viewed as sound medical advice for your specific condition. You should always consult with a licensed medical practitioner prior to following any suggestions outlined in this article or adopting any treatment protocol based on the contents of this article.

Dr. Ayesha Aslam
Dr. Ayesha Aslam - Author Dr. Ayesha Aslam is a Dermatologist with 2 years of experience. You can book an appointment with Dr. Ayesha Aslam through oladoc.com or by calling at 0415068065.

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