Bleeding During Pregnancy: What’s Normal, what’s not?

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You can book an appointment with a top Gynecologist in Lahore, Karachi or Islamabad through oladoc.com or call our helpline at 042 38900939

Not all bleeding during pregnancy automatically indicates a miscarriage. While it is a likely outcome in the first trimester for almost 20% of all pregnant women, there are multiple other reasons for light spotting or bleeding during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. Here’s how to tell what’s normal and what’s not when you bleed during pregnancy:

What’s Normal?

1-Breakthrough Bleeding:

You may experience light bleeding around the time of your period had you not been pregnant. This is due to a delayed response by the menstrual cycle-controlling hormones, which results in one-time or multiple light, monthly in bleeds in some women.

2-Implantation Bleeding:

Occurring about 6-12 days to 4 weeks into pregnancy, implantation bleeding occurs while the fertilized egg attaches to the uterine wall for further development. The bleeding can last between a few hours to few days. You might actually mistake it for a light period instead of a pregnancy.

Implantation blood is usually light pink to dark brown, does not drip into the toilet, and is light enough to not require a sanitary pad or tampon.

3-Cervical Changes:

The cervix is a rigid structure that stretches from the uterus to the vagina and regulates sperm entry via a small hole. During pregnancy, the cervix enlarges and softens due to increased blood flow and forms a mucus plug that blocks the opening until delivery.

Any vigorous contact with the now-sensitive cervix, like intercourse or a mandatory 6-12-week internal exam, can trigger light bleeding that usually clears up within 24 hours.

4-Infections:

Yeast infections are highly common during pregnancy, and can trigger spotting by inflaming and irritating vaginal tissue. A bacterial infection or STI may also cause bleeding. In such cases, treating the underlying cause can halt the bleeding.

5-Vanishing Twin:

You will only experience this phenomenon if you have had an IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization) to help you become pregnant. In such cases, two embryos (eggs) may be put into the womb, although only one goes on to develop, while the other is passed out through the vagina; hence the bleeding.

What’s Not?

1-Sub Chorionic Hemorrhage:

Bleeding may sometimes occur around the placenta (the organ connecting the baby to the uterine wall), resulting in spotting or light-moderate vaginal bleeding. A sub chorionic hemorrhage increases the risk for preterm labor.

However, most cases resolve easily with prompt treatment and you can continue with a normal pregnancy.

2-Miscarriage:

Early miscarriages occur as a result of improper development of the baby, resulting in bleeding that steadily becomes heavier. Bleeding due to miscarriage is also accompanied by mild-severe lower back pain, abdominal cramps or contractions, a sudden decrease in pregnancy symptoms, white-pink mucus, and vaginal tissue with a clot-like discharge.

However, it is unclear why a miscarriage occurs, and is never your fault.  Also, many women often dismiss an early miscarriage as a particularly heavy period while a pregnancy is yet undiscovered.

3-Ectopic Pregnancy:

In such cases, the egg implants somewhere other than the uterus, usually the fallopian tubes, causing them to rupture and result in internal bleeding. This is a possibly life-threatening complication that requires immediate removal of the falsely-implanted egg.

Symptoms usually start early, and vaginal bleeding (dark, watery, and continuous) is often the only sign. Other symptoms include weakness, dizziness, or fainting due to blood loss.

4-Molar Pregnancy:

While extremely rare, a molar pregnancy occurs when the egg does not develop properly, and cells from the placenta start growing and multiplying within the uterus in its place. It may also be identified by the absence of a heartbeat, a rapidly growing uterus, unusually high hCG blood levels, and grape-like clusters in the uterus during an ultrasound.

Some Precautions:

If you experience light spotting, wear a pad for 1-2 days to help you record the blood type, amount, and duration for accurate diagnosis. Also, bring any tissue that passes through your vagina for testing. Refrain from sexual intercourse and using tampons while you’re still bleeding.

While most cases of vaginal bleeding or spotting during pregnancy are normal and temporary, always contact your doctor immediately if you experience any bleeding.

If nothing else, it will provide you with peace of mind, which is necessary for a healthy pregnancy. You can also book an appointment with a top Gynecologist in Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad through oladoc.com, or call our helpline at 042-3890-0939 for assistance to find the RIGHT Doctor for your gestational concerns.

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are intended to raise awareness about common health issues and should not be viewed as sound medical advice for your specific condition. You should always consult with a licensed medical practitioner prior to following any suggestions outlined in this article or adopting any treatment protocol based on the contents of this article.