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Breast Diseases: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Dr. Amin Mazhar Choudhary

1 min read

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Breast health is integral to overall well-being for women, yet various conditions can affect this vital part of the anatomy. Recognizing and understanding these conditions is pivotal for early detection and effective management. Here, we delve into some common breast diseases, their symptoms, diagnostic approaches, and available treatments.

Fibrocystic Breast Changes:

Fibrocystic breast changes are non-cancerous alterations that often lead to fluctuating lumpiness or discomfort in the breasts. Symptoms include breast pain, thickening, or the presence of fluid-filled cysts. Diagnosis typically involves clinical breast examination, mammography, and occasionally fine needle aspiration to rule out cancer. Treatment focuses on symptom management, including pain relief with NSAIDs, supportive bras, and, if necessary, aspiration of fluid from cysts.


Fibroadenomas are benign breast tumors frequently found in young women. These tumors are usually smooth, firm, and mobile. Symptoms may include pain or tenderness and a well-defined lump that may grow in size. Diagnosis encompasses clinical breast examination, mammography, ultrasound, and biopsy to confirm their benign nature. Treatment options vary from observation, as they often regress spontaneously, to surgical removal if the tumor is large, symptomatic, or for diagnostic purposes.

Breast Infections (Mastitis):

Mastitis is an infection of the breast tissue, commonly occurring in breastfeeding women due to milk stasis and bacterial growth. Symptoms include breast pain, redness, swelling, warmth, fever, and flu-like symptoms. Diagnosis involves clinical examination, medical history assessment, and sometimes imaging modalities such as ultrasound or mammogram. Treatment typically entails antibiotics for bacterial infections, pain relievers, warm compresses, frequent breastfeeding or pumping, and adequate rest and hydration.

Breast Cancer:

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that can arise in the breast tissue. Early detection through screening methods such as mammography is vital for successful treatment outcomes. Symptoms may include a lump in the breast or underarm, changes in breast size or shape, nipple discharge, or skin changes on the breast. Diagnosis involves a combination of imaging tests (mammography, ultrasound, MRI) and tissue biopsy. Treatment options vary depending on the stage, type, and individual patient factors and may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, or hormone therapy.


Awareness of common breast diseases, their symptoms, and diagnosis is important for women’s health. Timely intervention and appropriate treatment can significantly impact outcomes and overall quality of life. Regular breast self-examinations, clinical screenings, and maintaining open communication with healthcare providers are essential components of breast health maintenance.

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are intended to raise awareness about common health issues and should not be viewed as sound medical advice for your specific condition. You should always consult with a licensed medical practitioner prior to following any suggestions outlined in this article or adopting any treatment protocol based on the contents of this article.

Dr. Amin Mazhar Choudhary
Dr. Amin Mazhar Choudhary - Author Dr. Amin Mazhar Choudhary is a top General Surgeon with 10 years of experience. You can book an in-person appointment or an online video consultation with Dr. Amin Mazhar Choudhary through oladoc.com or by calling at 04238900939.

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