Hair problems have become increasingly common in this day and age, people of all age group frequently complain of hair fall, weak and brittle hair, dandruff, white hair etc.. These issues are largely caused by diet deficiencies, lifestyle habits or a combination of both.
Dr. Nosheeba Salman is one of the leading aestheticians in Islamabad and offers her services in Islamabad. She helps patients in protecting their bodies from various dermatological disorders and conditions. In this session with oladoc, she talks about common hair problems like hairfall, dandruff, hair diseases, and tinea capitis and the best ways to treat those.
Q.1: Why do 90% of people have dandruff these days?
Well, dandruff is especially common in winters; this is caused by a number of factors. Hygiene is crucial in this matter, not washing out shampoo properly or covering hair by dirty hats or shawls causes sebum to accumulate on the scalp. Hot showers also significantly contribute to patches of dandruff on the scalp.
Q.2: What causes diffused thinning of hair?
Well, it happens when the normal growth phase of the hair cycle gets disturbed, causing a large amount of hair to fall in a short period of time. Diffused thinning of hair is also common among women going through post-partum. Deficiency of nutrients is the common cause.
Q.3: What causes Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia Areata is an auto-immune disease, directly related to the body’s immune system. This is caused by an increasing amount of stress, anxiety, disturbed sleeping pattern or consuming heavy medications. This disease affects people of all age group, causing hairless patches even on parts of the body such as eyebrows, moustache etcetera. Timely diagnosis of this condition can help manage this disease.
Q.4: What is dye allergy?
Greying of hair is caused by a number of factors such as genetics and delay on the chemical influx in the hair. Frequent use of dyes causes considerable damage to color making cells of the hair. In case of dyeing, doctors advise choosing the “lesser evil”; medicated dyes. These dyes contain much lesser chemicals and possess better qualities. It is especially important to ensure that the dye does not contain ammonia.
Investing in better dyes is the only option if dyeing hair is an absolute necessity. Once the hair has been dyed, doctors suggest changing shampoo and using one which is particularly made for dyed hair to retain the hair color longer. This will result in decreased use of dyes.
Q.5: What kinds of therapies are used to restore the health of hair?
Initially, the medical history of the patient is closely examined; blood tests are done to find the root cause. If the issue is caused by hormones, internal imbalance or another disease, it is treated. Applications such as lotions, shampoos and oral medicines are prescribed.
Other treatments involve clinical procedures such as hair light, mesotherapy, PRP. These treatments are aimed at stopping hair fall, restoring health in the scalp and regaining volume of the hair. If these fail, surgical methods like hair transplant are performed.
If you want to learn more about hair problems and their treatment, watch the full video. Consult a dermatologist without delay if you have any alarming hair problems.