We have detected Lahore as your city

Things You Need To Know About Lung Cancer

Dr. Rana Atique Anwar Khan

2 min read

Find & Book the best "Oncologists" near you

The lungs are a vital organ in the body through which gas exchange takes place, which makes breathing possible. Cancer that starts in the lung is known as lung cancer. People who smoke cigarettes are at risk of developing lung cancer. However, it can also occur in those people who do not smoke. People who are diagnosed with lung cancer must consult an oncologist

World Lung Cancer Day is held anually on August 1 to spread awareness regarding lung cancer – a serious and sometimes fatal disease which is becoming far too common nowadays. This article explains the symptoms, risk factors, and prevention tips for lung cancer. Keep reading to learn more!

Lung Cancer Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of lung cancer do not often appear in the initial stages. When they show up, the condition has already progressed. The signs and symptoms of lung cancer are:

  • Coughing up blood 
  • Cough that becomes chronic- does not go away 
  • Hoarseness
  • Chest pain 
  • Headache 
  • Bone pain or bone fractures
  • Unintentional weight loss

Lung Cancer Risk Factors

Factors that increase the risk of lung cancer are:

1. Smoking 

The biggest risk factor for lung cancer is smoking cigarettes. According to the experts, when you inhale cigarette smoke, you intake carcinogens directly into your lungs. It causes tissue changes there that eventually result in cancer. 

The risk of lung cancer increases with excessive smoking. However, it is never too late to stop. Quitting smoking can lower the risk of lung cancer, so it is highly recommended. 

2. Exposure to Secondhand Smoke

Secondhand smoke or passive smoke is the one that you inhale from the environment. Even if you do not smoke, if you are in a place where other people smoke, it can cause disastrous changes in your lungs, leading to lung cancer. 

3. Radiation Therapy

You may develop lung cancer if you undergo radiation therapy for any other condition. It can happen because radiation can damage your cells. However, your healthcare provider will decide based on the risk versus benefit ratio. 

4. Exposure to Radon Gas

Radon gas is naturally produced upon uranium breakdown in soil, rock, and water. It eventually becomes the part of the air we breathe. Therefore long-term radon exposure can lead to lung cancer. 

5. Exposure to the Carcinogens 

If you work at a place where you get daily exposure to carcinogens, such as asbestos, nickel, arsenic, and chromium, the risk of contracting lung cancer will increase. Moreover, if you are a smoker, too, the risk doubles up for you. 

6. Family History 

A family history of lung cancer can put you at a greater risk. If your mother, father, or sibling has had it, you’ll naturally be more susceptible to it. 

Lung Cancer Prevention

You can not prevent lung cancer from occurring. However, you can lower the risk by practicing the following tips:

  • Quit smoking as soon as possible. If you are unable to do that, you can seek professional help. 
  • Avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.
  • Follow all the precautions if you work in an area exposed to carcinogens. 
  • Consume an ample amount of fruits and vegetables that contain antioxidants. 
  • Be physically active. Make a workout routine for at least five days a week for half an hour. 

The Bottom Line 

Lung cancer is the type of cancer that starts in the lung. If you have a complaint of chronic cough or coughing out blood, you should not take it lightly. You must visit your healthcare provider so that they can make the right diagnosis. If you are diagnosed with lung cancer, you should consult an oncologist in Karachi.

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are intended to raise awareness about common health issues and should not be viewed as sound medical advice for your specific condition. You should always consult with a licensed medical practitioner prior to following any suggestions outlined in this article or adopting any treatment protocol based on the contents of this article.

Dr. Rana Atique Anwar Khan
Dr. Rana Atique Anwar Khan - Author Dr. Rana Atique Anwar Khan is an Oncologist practicing in Multan. Dr. Rana Atique Anwar Khan has the following degrees: MBBS, FCPS (Radio Therapy) and has 14 years of experience. Dr. Rana's experience places him in the list of trusted names in Oncology in Multan. You can expect quality diagnosis and treatment from him.

Book Appointment with the best "Oncologists"