Cardiac or cardiovascular surgeons are doctors who are specialized in performing heart and blood vessel surgeries like open heart surgeries, heart surgery bypass blocked valves, artery blockage etc. Cardiovascular surgeons operate the heart and blood vessels to repair any injury or damage encountered by the diseases or disorders of the cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular surgeons perform many various kinds of operations, together with heart valve repair and replacement, heart defect repair, coronary artery bypass, aneurysm repair, trans-myocardial laser revascularization, and heart transplantation. They conjointly perform operations on the blood vessels in your body, including the aorta, the body’s main blood supplier. If your medical specialist or cardiologist decides that you need a surgery, he or she refers you to a cardiovascular surgeon, who becomes a new member of your heart health team.