Neurosurgeons (دماغ کا سپیشلسٹ سرجن) are specialists who offer conservative and surgical treatment options for the ailments of the nervous system. They cater to people of all genders and age groups.
Neurosurgery is the field of science that is concerned with the central and peripheral nervous system. Experts of neurosurgery therefore address the issues that are concerned with the peripheral nerves, brain and spinal cord.
Laypeople are unaware of the complicated medical realm, and thus, they tend to visit their GP rather than a specialist doctor when accosted with episodes of pain or discomfort. A referral to the neurosurgeon (brain doctor) generally comes from a GP then.
Patients with diagnosed cases of neurological problems also need to be contact with their doctor. Since neuro surgeon (نیوروسرجن) also aid in conservative treatment, a visit to the brain specialist is not just for surgical procedure.
Moreover, one should visit the best neurosurgeon in Karachi when accosted with injuries to the spine or the skull. Neurogenerative conditions like Parkinson’s disease are also addressed by neurosurgeons.
It is also pertinent to visit the doctor when one has chronic pain associated with the nervous system. People should also schedule an appointment with brain specialists when they have backache, epilepsy, etc.
A visit to the neurosurgeon (نیوروسرجن) is also due when people are experiencing numbness, alongside pain, in their limbs as it is a sign of nerve damage.
Similarly, since our nervous system plays an important role in muscle movement, inability to grasp things properly or having problems with gait and balance are also concerning signs. Tremors, involuntary shivers, uncontrollable body movements are also a sign of neurological problems that require expert intervention.
People afflicted with carpal tunnel syndrome, a condition that causes pain in the wrists and hands, also need to visit a neurosurgeon, as the condition occurs due to median nerve compression.
While occasional headaches due to lifestyle factors are not a cause for concern, but chronic headaches should not be made lightly of, especially if they are accompanied by sensitivity to light and noise, alongside nausea. These symptoms are also common in patients suffering from chronic migraines. Such people also need to visit a brain specialist.
Those suffering from seizures also need to see a neurologist. Seizures are common in people having epilepsy, but they also may be a sign of brain tumors or damage. Some seizures can be more apparent due to aggressive body movements, but more subtle types of seizures like staring, becoming disoriented, wandering are possible. Thus, people with less violent seizures should also visit a neurologist.
Neurological problems are amongst the leading causes of death in developing countries like Pakistan. Scarcity of resources, both in terms of infrastructure and qualified doctors, further complicates the situation.
Common neurological disorders that afflict the global population include stroke, Parkinson’s disease, dementia, meningitis, encephalitis, tetanus, MS, etc.
The distribution in Pakistan, according to research conducted in Sindh, is slightly different. Headaches are the most reported neurological problems, whereas CNS infections are at the bottom rung. Detailed disease distribution is as follows:
|Disease||Percentage of Patients Infected|
|Nerve and root lesion||27.1%|
Neurosurgeons (دماغ کا سپیشلسٹ سرجن) address issues associated with the nervous system. Their areas of concern include anything that impairs the optimal functioning of the brain, spine, and nerves, whether it be blood supply or cellular damage.
One of the common conditions addressed by brain surgeons (دماغ کا سرجن) is carotid artery disease, in which the blood supply to head and neck is compromised. Not only is the lack of blood supply an issue itself, but it also increases the chances of stroke.
Head injuries are also the domain of a neurosurgeon. These range from concussions to brain trauma. Likewise, they also address chronic pain in the nervous system. Tumors of the brain and pituitary gland are also a brain surgeon’s area of expertise.
A neurosurgeon also is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of hydrocephalus. More common in children, this condition occurs due to the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain.
Stroke is a consequence of impaired blood supply to the brain, which leads to the death of brain cells. As these cells do not rejuvenate, the implications for the health of the person are great. The extent of damage done is contingent on the area of the brain affected, and the severity of stroke.
Neurosurgeons offer treatment for stroke patients, which is a composite of surgical and conservative interventions. Most stroke patients also need to undergo extensive rehabilitation, facilitated by specialist doctors.
Spinal surgeons also are concerned with the treatment of cervical spine disorders, that cause the patient pain and weakness in the upper limbs and neck. Doctors also address any fractures to the spine.
Another area of concern for neurologists is a herniated disc(s), which causes intense back pain in the patient. Herniated discs may be treated using medication for pain relief, but some patients might also need to be operated upon.
Backache is also a common consequence of sciatica, a condition marked by the compressed or irritated sciatic nerve. Since the sciatic nerve runs along the legs as well, its compression leads to intense discomfort and mobility issues in patients.
Likewise, neurologists also deal with tumors of the spine and the brain. They also are responsible for catering to patients suffering from trigeminal neuralgia which causes constant or sporadic pain in the face and the jaw.
Neurosurgeons also are involved in addressing infections of the nervous system, meningitis being the most common problem. This infection occurs in the spine and outer part of the brain.
Parkinson’s disease is remarked by uncontrollable tremors in the body, balance and movement issues. Neurosurgeons are involved in managing the disease using a medication, and if need be, performing surgery to insert electrodes that improve the condition of the patient.
Neurosurgery is further divided into subcategories. These include:
People aspiring to become the best neurosurgeon in Karachi first have to complete 5 years M.B.B.S. program. After graduating, they then must complete a year of internship, which is also known as a house job.
It is important to do a rotation in the neurology department as well. Once completed, people need to appear in the FCPS part one exam, which sets to test clinical skills. The exam has different categories, and people who want to become neurosurgeons need to opt for medicine and allied candidates.
Once this exam is cleared, people have to enter into their part II training. Two years into the training, people have to first give the IMM, the intermediate module, exam. After successfully passing the written and the practical exams, people have to complete training of 3 more years.
At the end of the training, one has to appear and pass the FCPS part II exam. Passing this exam allows people to become certified neurosurgeons.
Alternate terms used for neurosurgeons in Pakistan include:
Brain doctors specialize in diagnosing, evaluating, treating, and managing problems of the CNS and PNS. They treat congenital issues, injuries alongside diseases, offering surgical intervention where necessary. They operate on the brain, spine, nerves, and intracranial regions.
Since neurosurgeons (دماغ کا سپیشلسٹ سرجن) also offer conservative and non-invasive treatment, they are qualified to treat neurodegenerative disorders. These disorders cannot be treated but can be managed with the aid of a specialist spine surgeon.
These doctors also act as primary caregivers to patients with perpetual neurological problems, and thus work closely alongside their physicians to maintain patient’s health.
Spine surgeons also aid patients with problems pertaining to the spinal cord and column, and thus perform multiple spinal procedures like intraspinal vasculature.
Problems that affect the spine are also the domain of neurosurgeons including:
Furthermore, neurosurgeons also operate on cervical spine, skull, pituitary glands. They also perform surgeries for microvascular decompression and coiling. Brain surgeons are also responsible for removing brain tumors and carrying out embolization procedures.
They also administer the patient in the post-operation phase, where they aid the patients in the process of rehabilitation.
Other common health problems addressed by neurosurgeons (نیوروسرجن) include strokes, aneurysms, cysts. They also are involved in performing biopsies, and tumor removal processes if cancerous mass is found.
Neurosurgeons also offer diagnosis and treatment of carotid artery disease and hydrocephalus. Injuries to the head, neck and spinal cord also need to be overseen by neurosurgeons.
Finding a good doctor is vital for proper diagnosis & treatment of your underlying concern. Before you make the decision of picking out a Neurosurgeon, consider the following: