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A General Physician (جنرل فزیشن) is a doctor who is trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of illnesses that affect the human body. They also help people with the management of chronic diseases and are the first point of contact for the patient. Unlike internal medicine specialists, a general physician also caters to the ailments of children as well.
An ailment of any sort merits a visit to the doctor. Rather than self-medicating and putting your body through unnecessary risk, it's best to book an appointment with a general physician.
From the common cold to headaches to blood pressure problems to stomachaches they are equipped to deal with a wide range of issues. This also includes injuries for which they can provide wound care, prescribe medication, run tests etc.
It is imperative that people with a family history of chronic illnesses get their physical exam done by their GP (جنرل معالج), frequently. Illnesses like heart disease (دل کی بیماری), hypertension (ہائی بلڈ پریشر), depression (ذہنی دباؤ), cancer (کینسر) etc. tend to run in families. Lack of timely treatment often results in a significantly more complicated and difficult to treat condition.
People should also visit their GP to get essential immunization shots, when due. Some people also need to get their flu shots in winters or spring, when there is pollen everywhere and should make an appointment with their doctor accordingly.
A general physician provides patients with immediate care for whatever is ailing then. They also help patients in the management of any progressive or chronic illnesses. GPs help by screening their patients for illnesses. Alongside providing care for injuries, GPs are also the ones responsible for guiding their patients to a specialist doctor when it is required.
General physicians, in a nutshell, cater to the wellbeing of their patients.
General physicians tackle all sorts of ailments; infectious and non-infectious. However, certain diseases are more common in certain demographics. According to the latest research conducted in Pakistan, doctors deal with a hoard of problems, but some are more common than the others.
As per the research, infectious disease formed 25.26% of the total patient turnover. Following are the most common infectious diseases in Pakistan
|Disease||Percentage of Patients Infected|
|Gastrointestinal problems||48.6 %|
|Tuberculosis & chest infection||34.01%|
|Hepatitis B & C||0.60%|
A significant number --74.74% of the total patient turnover-- suffered from non-infectious diseases. The most common non-infectious diseases in Pakistan are:
|Disease||Percentage of Patients Infected|
To become a GP in Pakistan, one first has to graduate with an MBBS and do a house job. They also have to register with the council of doctors. Alongside giving the respective exams, they have to complete the training criterion set by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan. Once they are accredited, they are allowed to practice as the general physician.
General Physicians have broad knowledge of all the medical conditions that ail the human body. However, it is possible to specialize in its various subspecialities. These include:
A general physician (جنرل معالج) is the primary care doctor. They dispense treatment at clinics, hospitals –inpatient and outpatient, both –private practices etc.
GP’s help with the treatment of seasonal allergies (موسمی الرجی) and general problems like fever, infections (انفیکشن), digestive issues like diarrhoea or vomiting (الٹی اور اسہال). As many GPs are also entire family’s physicians, they have a very good grasp on the patient’s medical history and are thus able to dispense better care to the patient.
Moreover, general physicians (ماہر طب) also perform different screenings for the patient. Many diseases are hereditary and other times propensity towards getting the disease increases due to lifestyle and environmental factors. When not caught in time, they could impair the body’s functionality and can even lead to death. GPs thus help with timely disease diagnosis.
General Physicians (GP) also help patients get their respective immunization shots (حفاظتی ٹیکہ), especially children. Moreover, any sudden injury or ailment is also treated by the ever-reliable general practitioners. Similarly, they also help patients manage their chronic illnesses. Since they have a better idea of the patient's health and history, GPs are in the best position to advise their patients.
General physicians often have to intervene for the sake of mental health of their patients as well and can refer the patients to a therapist or psychiatrist if the matter is more complicated.