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A brief intro to Internal Medicine Specialist

Who is an Internal Medicine specialist?

Internal medicine specialists, or ‘internists’ ( میڈیسن کے سپیشلسٹ ڈاکٹر ) are doctors who specialise in treating adults via medicine. They are not involved in interventional procedures and don’t conduct any surgeries. They generally are the patient’s first line of contact. Then, for the more complicated and specific cases, they refer patients to a specialist doctor.

When should you see an Internal Medicine specialist?

An internal medicine specialist should be seen whenever there is something medically wrong with you –unless it is obviously specific in nature like a broken limb. You should consult them when you have any kind of infection (انفیکشن), fever (بخار), cough (کھانسی), cold, headache (سر درد) etc.

They also treat specific conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, stomach problems like ulcer (السر), thyroid (تھایرایڈ) problems or any other hormonal imbalance etc. Furthermore, internists are also equipped to provide treatments for viral infections like the coronavirus (کورونا وائرس), dengue (ڈینگی) and malaria (ملیریا) as well.

What are an Internal Medicine specialist’s main areas of concern?

Doctors specializing in medicine treat both acute and chronic diseases. Internal medicine specialists are capable of treating the following conditions:

  • Heart problems
  • Bone aches
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Ulcers
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Seasonal flu
  • Constipation
  • Asthma
  • Vomiting

Many doctors also gain trust of their patients and become the entire adult family’s physician. Some internists expand their practice and study the issues pertaining to children as well and are thus known as the family physician (خاندانی معالج).

What are the most common Internal Medicine diseases in Pakistan?

In Pakistan due to lack of access to adequate healthcare facility and prevalent poverty, the challenges facing internists are aplenty. 9 of the top 10 causes of death in Pakistan are related to internal medicine, these causes are listed below:

  • Diarrhea
  • Diabetes
  • Tuberculosis
  • Stroke
  • COPD
  • Lower respiratory tract infection
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Cirrhosis
  • Ischemic Heart Disease

How to become an Internal Medicine specialist?

In order to become an internal medicine specialist, you first have to give the FCPS Part I exam after having completed your MBBS and house job. After passing the exam, a training program has to be completed that equips one to deal with patients who are admitted to the hospital, outpatients, critically ill patients etc.

Post training and giving all the exams designated by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan, you become a qualified internal medicine specialist. For further specific subspecialities of internal medicine like endocrinology, you will have to undergo further training.

What kinds of Internal Medicine specialists are there?

Internal medicine is an extremely broad field that has multiple subspecialities. Doctors may be practising several at once even.

  • Diabetologist: Diabetes is a condition that brings with itself a plethora of problems. Hence, its efficient management, dealing with its complications, patient care etc. all come under the domain of diabetologists.
  • Hypertension Specialist: Also known as high blood pressure, hypertension is a dangerous condition that leads to problems like strokes, arterial damage etc. It’s the specialist’s job to monitor the health of the patient and help them regulate their blood pressure levels.
  • Endocrinologist: Hormones in the body need to be in a certain balance for the proper functionality of the body. Certain diseases and factors can cause over or under secretion of the hormone that can lead to secondary complications. Endocrinologists help with diagnosing, treating and managing the hormone levels in the body.
  • Nephrologist: These experts deal with the problems that affect the kidneys.
  • Gastroenterologist: Gastroenterology is the field that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of the problems that affect the GI tract.
  • Infectious disease specialist: Experts of this field treat people for bacterial, viral and fungal infections that if left unchecked, can be very deadly.
  • Oncologist: Experts of this field help with the diagnosis, treatment and management of malignant and benign tumours.
  • Rheumatologist: These experts diagnose and dispense treatment for the problems of the musculoskeletal system like joints, muscles etc.
  • Haematologist: Haematology is concerned with the treatment of patients suffering from bone marrow, lymphatic systems and blood disorders.
  • Pulmonologist: From problems like COPD to asthma, pulmonologists help patients with all sorts of ailments of the lungs.

What are Internal Medicine specialists called in Pakistan?

As this field has many subspecialities, internists are referred to by a lot of different names including:

  • General Physician
  • Family Physician
  • Doctor of Medicine
  • Sugar ka doctor

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I book an appointment with an Internal Medicine Specialist in Multan?

Click here to book an appointment with a top Internal Medicine Specialist in Multan. Or, you can also call at 0618048444 from 9AM to 11PM to book your appointment.

Are there any additional charges to book an appointment with an Internal Medicine Specialist in Multan through oladoc?

There are no additional charges when you book through oladoc.

What does an Internal Medicine Specialist do?

Doctors specializing in medicine deal with a wide spectrum of diseases that ail the human body; they diagnose, treat and help in the management of these diseases. The conditions that they treat affect all the organs in the body, thus they deal with very different patient complaints.

Moreover, since they treat the entire body, they also coordinate different treatments for the patient to provide holistic treatment.