Gestational diabetes is a condition in which women without diabetes develop high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Although it can develop at any stage of pregnancy, it usually occurs in the second half. Gestational diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce enough insulin to satisfy the extra needs in pregnancy. There are generally a very few noticeable symptoms of gestational diabetes and is usually diagnosed when the patient’s blood sugar level is tested. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after the patient gives birth and most women with it have normal pregnancies and give birth to healthy babies. However, it is good to be cautious and follow the guidelines of your doctor. Moreover, you should also take care of your diet if you have gestational diabetes.
A specific meal plan can help keep your blood sugar in check. It is recommended that you visit a registered dietician who can create a proper diet plan for you based on your height, weight, glucose intolerance, the requirements of your growing baby, food preferences, and physical activity. Your dietician will tell you how many calories you need every day. You will also be taught how to determine portion sizes and how to have the right amount of carbohydrates, protein, and fat in your diet.
As a general rule of thumb, you should eat a variety of foods during pregnancy. The calories and carbohydrates should be distributed evenly throughout the day. The American Diabetes Association recommends three moderate meals and about two to four snacks every day. Try to limit the intake of carbohydrates and only include complex carbs as they contain more fiber. Always pair lean protein with carbs during meals. Protein will not only help you feel fuller, it will also keep your blood sugar stable. Do not skip meals and distribute your calories equally throughout the day to keep blood sugar in check.
Make sure you eat a good breakfast as your blood glucose levels may be low in the morning. Instead of loading up on carbs like bread, cereals, and fruits, try to have more protein-rich foods such as eggs, nuts, and cheese. Try to skip fruit and fruit juices altogether during breakfast.
Eat more high fiber foods such as whole grain bread and cereals, vegetables and fruits, beans, legumes, and dried peas. High fiber foods are digested and absorbed more slowly than simple carbs by your body, which prevents your blood sugar from spiking up after meals.
Avoid eating foods and beverages that are high in simple sugars such as fruits juices, soda, flavored teas, and desserts. These foods can make your blood sugar spiral out of control in no time. It is also recommended that you limit your intake of milk as it is high in simple sugar. Try to find an alternative source of calcium instead.
It is also recommended that you increase your physical activity moderately to keep your blood glucose levels stable. It is best to speak to your doctor to determine the right amount of physical activity for you during pregnancy.
If you suspect that you have gestational diabetes, see your doctor right away to get a diagnosis and treatment to ensure a healthy pregnancy. You can find and book an appointment with top Gynecologists in Lahore, Karachi, and Islamabad through oladoc.com. You can also call our helpline at 042-3890-0939 for assistance to find the RIGHT Doctor for your health concerns.