According to recent studies, physician visits related to ENT problems account for more than 50% of the yearly visits, making it one of the most in-demand specialties.
Who is an ENT Specialist?
Known also as ‘Otolaryngologists’, ENT specialists are medical specialists who are exclusively trained to diagnose and treat matters -both medically and surgically-related to the Ears, Nose and Throat, as the abbreviation ‘ENT’ suggests. They also focus on the various diseases which affect the Head and Neck region.
What Conditions Do ENT Specialists Treat?
ENT Specialists or Otolaryngologists treat both adults and children for allergies (seasonal rhinitis), infections, injuries and tumours in the ear, nose or throat as well as facial birth defects or acquired abnormalities-such as cleft lip and palate and drooping eyelids-swallowing, speech and sleep disorders as well as certain nerve disorders like Bell’s palsy.
Some treatable ailments according to their specific area of origin are listed below:
- The Ear:
The ear region is uniquely sensitive and requires an expert to handle various problems such as hearing disorders, ear infections, balance disorders and facial nerve or cranial nerve disorders. Birth defects and cancerous disorders of the outer and inner ear can also be medically and/or surgically treated.
- The Nose:
ENTs provide expert care for the nasal passages and sinuses as well as management of paranasal sinuses, allergies, olfactory issues (sense of smell), and nasal respiration or breathing. An ENT specialist can also alter the external appearance of the nose as and when required.
- The Throat:
Treatment of disorders and diseases related to the larynx and esophagus such as respiratory and swallowing problems are also included in an ENT doctor’s sphere of expertise.
- The Head and Neck:
In addition to treating related diseases and cancerous or benign tumors, some ENT specialists can also perform cosmetic or facial reconstruction surgery for facial trauma and defects.
Collaboration with Other Fields:
Along with independent work, ENT specialists often work with ophthalmologists to treat eye conditions, dermatologists for the head and neck region, plastic surgeons and dentists for relevant surgical procedures. Also ENT Specialists often work with paediatricians when the patient is a child.
Are there further Sub-Specialties within ENT Specialists?
Yes, there are 7 commonly recognized ENT sub-categories. They include:
- Otology/Neurotology: Treatment of external, middle and inner ear disorders as well as the nerve pathways affecting hearing and balance
- Pediatric Otolaryngology: ENT treatments for children
- Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Cosmetic and functional abnormalities of the face and neck.
- Head and Neck Specialists: Parathyroid and thyroid surgery as well as head and neck tumor treatment
- Rhinology: Nasal and sinus disorder treatment
- Laryngology: Throat and voice disorder treatment.
- Allergy: Treatment of inhalant allergies affecting the upper respiratory system.
When Should You Visit an ENT Specialist?
While annual checkups are recommended, an appointment with the ENT specialist may be due if you have an ear infection or recurring throat infection, facial defects, breathing problems, regular nose bleeds, nasal congestion, loud-snoring issues, swallowing problems or balance issues.
People who are suffering from Asthma, Down’s Syndrome, Tinnitus and /or hearing impairment or have suspicious lumps in the ENT or head and neck region should immediately consult an ENT Specialist.
If you or your loved one would benefit from consulting with an ENT Specialist, , do not hesitate to Book an Appointment with a top ENT Specialist in Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad through oladoc.com. Or call our helpline at 042-3890-0939 for assistance to find the RIGHT Doctor for your ENT-related issues.
About the Writer:
Yashfa Marrium is a freelance writer and health enthusiast. You can reach her at [email protected].