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A brief intro to Gastroenterologists

Who is a gastroenterologist?

Gastroenterologists (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر) are medical specialists who diagnose and treat the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The gastrointestinal tract is responsible for digestion of food, absorption of nutrients and removal of waste products from the body. The GI tract starts from the mouth, all the way through to the anal canal. The diseases of this long tract, are therefore, many, and need specialist care for diagnosis and management.

ایک پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر کون ہوتا ہے؟

پیٹ کے ڈاکٹر طبی ماہر ہیں جو معدے کی بیماریوں کی تشخیص اور علاج کرتے ہیں۔ معدے کی نالی خوراک کو ہاضم کرنے ، غذائی اجزاء کو جذب کرنے اور جسم سے بیکار مصنوعات کو ہٹانے کے لئے ذمہ دار ہے۔ جی آئی ٹریکٹ منہ سے شروع ہوتا ہے ، اور پیٹ کے پورے راستے سے مقعد کی نالی تک ہوتا ہے۔ لہذا، اس لمبے راستے کی بیماریاں ، بہت ساری ہیں ، اور تشخیص اور انتظام کے لئے ماہر نگہداشت کی ضرورت ہے

When should you see a gastroenterologist?

The common gastric symptoms for which the help of a gastroenterologist (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر) is sought include: acid reflux and heartburn especially if its frequent, gastroenteritis, and constipation. For most of the aforementioned symptoms, specialists can prescribe medication and advise lifestyle modifications.

Your primary healthcare provider can also refer you to a gastric specialist (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر) if you experience unexplained bloating, difficulty in swallowing, blood in stool and unexplained weight loss. For people who are over the age of 50 years, sessions should be held with a gastroenterologist for preventive care, as the risk for colon cancer increases with age.

For people who have a history of colonic cancer in the family, preventive care and yearly colonoscopies should start at the age of 40 years.

آپ کو ایک پیٹ کے ڈاکٹر سے کب ملاقات کرنی چاہئے؟

معدے کی عام علامات جن کے لئے معدے کی ماہر (پیٹ کے ڈاکٹر) کی مدد لی جاتی ہے ان میں شامل ہیں: تیزابیت اور دل کی جلن خاص طور پر اگر یہ بار بار ہوتی ہو ، آنتوں کی سوزش اور قبض ۔ مذکورہ بالا علامات میں سے زیادہ تر کے لئے ، ماہرین دوائیں اور مشورہ دے سکتے ہیں کہ طرز زندگی میں اصلاحات کریں۔ آپ کا بنیادی معالج آپ کو معدے کے ماہر یا پیٹ کے ڈاکٹر سے بھی رجوع کرسکتا ہے اگر آپ کو بلا شبہ سوزش ، نگلنے میں دشواری ، پاخانے میں خون اور بغیر کسی ظاہری وجہ کے وزن میں کمی کا سامنا کرنا پڑتا ہے۔ 50 سال سے زیادہ عمر والے افراد کے لئے احتیاطی دیکھ بھال کے لئے معدے کی معالج کے پاس سیشن رکھنا چاہئے ، کیونکہ عمر کے ساتھ ہی بڑی آنت کے کینسر کا خطرہ بڑھ جاتا ہے۔ ایسے افراد ، جن کی فیملی میں بڑی آنت کے کینسر کی تاریخ ہے ، ان کی روک تھام کی دیکھ بھال اور سالانہ بڑی آنت کے معائنے کو 40 سال کی عمر میں شروع ہونا چاہئے۔

What are the main areas of concern of a gastroenterologist?

Gastroenterologists (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر) deal with the whole of gastric tract. They deal with hepatology, and the diseases of the liver, including the hereditary diseases, acquired infections like hepatitis B and C, as well as complications of alcoholic liver disease. Additionally, they deal with the diseases of the gallbladder, biliary tree, and the bile duct. Even though gastroenterologists don’t deal with liver transplant, they manage a patient of liver disease up until there is a need for a transplant. They can also work with the surgical team for the medical management of a liver patient.

Pancreatic diseases are also the main area of concern of a gastroenterologist (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر). Pancreatitis is the commonest disorder of the pancreas, followed by pancreatic cancer. Pancreatitis is an extremely painful condition of the pancreas that occurs due to chronic alcohol intake, or due to gallstone obstruction. A gastroenterologist can perform procedures like ERCP for the diagnosis and management of pancreatitis if need be.

Gastroenterologists (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر) also perform endoscopic surveillance of high-risk patients, including those of peptic ulcer disease, patients of inflammatory bowel disease, and people with family history of colonic cancer. They routinely perform screening procedures on the latter, as well as the elderly. They also perform biopsies to rule out cancers of the GI tract.

They educate their patients about the risks of unhealthy eating habits, and sedentary lifestyle. Most of the diseases of the GI tract can be avoided if people eat healthy, use clean water, and work out regularly.

What are the most common gastric disorders in Pakistan?

According to data from the gastroenterology department of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), there has been an increase of 30 percent in the number of patients with digestive issues compared to previous years. The most common issues people presented with included: indigestion, followed by gastric ulcers and bleeding esophageal varices which is a complication of chronic hepatitis. People also presented with inflammatory bowel disease—ulcerative colitis, with ulcerative lesions in the large intestine.

The top infectious causes of gastrointestinal diseases are: cholera, typhoid and dysentery. The rise of gastric diseases among the pediatric population is also on the rise, suggesting that the consumption of unclean water, and junk food are the main culprits.

How to become a gastroenterologist in Pakistan?

Following the five years of graduation in medicine and surgery (MBBS), and the mandatory house-job, gastroenterologists (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر) enroll in a four-year residency program in GI, where they also have rotations in general medicine. This can be followed by further training in fellow-ship programs and post-graduation. Continual practice and medical education credits are important for a gastroenterologist.

ایک پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر کیسے بنا جا سکتا ہے؟

میڈیسن اینڈ سرجری (ایم بی بی ایس) میں گریجویشن کے پانچ سال ، اور لازمی ہائوس جاب کے بعد ، معدے کے ماہر (پیٹ کے ڈاکٹر) جی آئی میں چار سالہ رہائشی پروگرام میں داخلہ لیتے ہیں ، جہاں ان کی عام طب میں بھی مشق ہوتی ہے۔ اس کے بعد رفیلو شپ کے پروگراموں اور پوسٹ گریجویشن میں مزید تربیت حاصل کی جاسکتی ہے۔ معدے کی ماہر کے لئے مستقل مشق اور میڈیکل ایجوکیشن کے کریڈٹ اہم ہیں۔

What kinds of gastroenterologists are there?

Gastroenterologists (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر) can choose to specialize in a specific organ of the GI, or in a specific disorder. If a gastroenterologist chooses to study the liver as a specialty, then they are known as hepatologists.

Others can choose a subspecialty based on a disease, including;

  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Interventional endoscopy
  • Pediatric gastroenterology
  • Transplant hepatology
  • Neuro-gastroenterology

What are gastroenterologists called in Pakistan?

  • Gastro specialist
  • Gastro doctor
  • Specialist of stomach
  • GI specialist
  • Stomach specialist
  • معدے کی ماہر
  • پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر

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Authored by: Dr. Hira Tanveer

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I book an appointment with a Gastroenterologist in Faisalabad?

Click here to book an appointment with a top Gastroenterologist in Faisalabad. Or, you can also call at 0415068065 from 9AM to 11PM to book your appointment.

Are there any additional charges to book an appointment with a Gastroenterologist in Faisalabad through oladoc?

There are no additional charges when you book through oladoc.

What does a Gastroenterologist do?

A gastroenterologist (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر) specializes in the diseases of the gastric tract and the liver. The long gastric tract, which includes the esophagus, stomach, intestines, bile duct, gall bladder, liver, pancreas, colon, appendix, rectum and anal canal. Disease in any part of the tract can produce different and varied symptoms.

A gastroenterologist (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر) takes a thorough history, performs physical examinations and then makes a diagnosis. Additionally, gastroenterologists can perform a number of procedures—both investigative and therapeutic in nature.

Gastroenterologists are medical specialists who cannot perform surgery; however, they can work with surgeons and radiologists for proper medical management. Amongst the procedures often performed by gastroenterologists are: endoscopic ultrasounds for the imaging of lower and upper GI tract, endoscopy of the GI tract, colonoscopy for detection of colonic disorders including cancer and polyps.

In addition, gastroenterologists (پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر) can perform ultrasound guided liver biopsies for diagnosis of hepatic disorders including cancer, and chronic liver disease (CLD) secondary to alcoholism and hepatitis. Capsule endoscopies are also performed under the care of qualified gastroenterologists for a thorough examination of the small intestine.

Another common procedure performed by gastroenterologists is endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or ERCP, which has both therapeutic and investigative value. This procedure is performed to identify the presence of tumors or strictures in the bile duct, and also helps to remove stuck gallstones that contribute to pancreatitis or cholangitis.

ایک پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر کیا کرتا ہے؟

ایک پیٹ کا ڈاکٹر معدے اور جگر کی بیماریوں میں مہارت رکھتا ہے۔ لمبی گیسٹرک نالی، جس میں غذائی نالی ، معدہ ، آنتیں ، پتوں کی نالی ، گال بلیڈر ، جگر ، لبلبہ ، بڑی آنت ، اپینڈکس ، ملاشی اور مقعد کی نالی شامل ہے۔ نالی کے کسی بھی حصے میں بیماری مختلف اور وسیع علامات پیدا کرسکتی ہے

Which hospital is the best for Gastroenterologist in Faisalabad?

Top 5 Gastroenterology Hospitals in Faisalabad are:

  • Faisal Hospital (Faisalabad)
  • Shifa International Hospital (Faisalabad)
  • Chughtai Medical Centre (Satyana Road)
  • Aziz Fatimah Hospital
  • Medex Clinic

How do I choose a Gastroenterologist ?

Finding a good doctor is vital for proper diagnosis & treatment of your underlying concern. Before you make the decision of picking out a Gastroenterologist, consider the following:

  • Make sure they are experienced
  • Make sure your doctor has good reviews.
  • Make sure they offer the services you are looking for
  • Verify, if they are certified from PMDC or have any other professional memberships
  • Check if they are affiliated with a hospital you trust