No match found
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine that deals with the treatment and diagnosis of the conditions of the eyeball and the orbit through an anatomical and physiological determination of the eye. An ophthalmologist or an eye-specialist is a medical doctor dealing in the invasive and non-invasive eye-related procedures such as eye surgery, cataract surgery, dry eye etc.
Vision problems could signify health issues like hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes or autoimmune disorders. Regular check-ups with an eye-specialist should be maintained to diagnose eye problems before they become too serious.
Additionally, people with family history of eye problems should see an eye specialist regularly as positive family history makes you more prone to having a condition which may be unnoticeable at first. Experts recommend that by age 40, people should see an ophthalmologist (ماہر امراض چشم) regularly for a complete medical eye exam.
Ophthalmologists are concerned with everything in the eye. Certain congenital eye conditions like eyelid abnormalities and misaligned eyes, as well as medical and surgical eye disorders are treated by ophthalmologists (ماہر امراض چشم). Sometimes ophthalmologists diagnose medical conditions of the body that manifest as eye disorders.
Plastic surgeons can also specialize in ophthalmology and deal with repair of eyelids and structures around the eyes that can be damaged as a result of birth trauma, congenital defects, accidents and chemical burns. They also help to improve the look of facial structures around the eye.
Some of the most common causes of blindness in people under 30 include:
|Cause||Percentage of Patients|
|Posterior Capsular Opacification||3.6%|
In order to become an eye specialist in Pakistan you first have to complete a five year Optometry program, including working at a hospital/clinic for a year. Ophthalmologists get advanced training and a postgraduate degree to be able to diagnose and treat a wider range of eye-conditions. Ophthalmologists get residency and fellowship training, and can get further specialist training known as subspecialist training.
Subspecialties of ophthalmology include:
Eye specialists are responsible for treating eye diseases for instance, eye infections, as well as sight testing and correction of refractive errors and vision changes with the help of corrective lenses, eyeglasses and surgeries.
Eye examinations performed by eye-specialists include tests of visual acuity, slit-lamp examinations, ocular tonometry(a test for checking intraocular pressure), and retinal examinations. Other investigations of the eye include optical coherence tomography (OCT) and ultrasonography which assesses the efficacy of diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma treatments.
Eye specialists (ماہر امراض چشم) deal with all the surgical and medical procedures related to the eyes; however, some ophthalmologists specialize in specific regions of eye care, and complete additional in-depth training. This is known as subspecialty training. Ophthalmologists have more years of training and education, and they manage a wider range of eye diseases than optometrists and opticians.