Cholesterol is essential for life. It enables your body to construct new cells, protect nerve cells, and regulate hormone production. Typically, the liver makes all the cholesterol the body needs. However, cholesterol also enters your body from food such as dairy milk, eggs, and meat. However, an excess of cholesterol in your body is a risk factor for heart disease. But by maintaining healthy habits and good lipid (fat) levels you can lower the risk of heart related diseases Check out our cholesterol 101 guide on important tidbits on how to monitor and improve your lipid levels!
Understanding Lipid Levels And Cholesterol:
The least complex approach to check lipid profile and lower your risk is through lipid testing. A complete cholesterol profile test is done to determine if your cholesterol level and consequently, the risk of developing heart disease is high.
Your total cholesterol level gives a rough estimate of heart disease risk. Cholesterol is transported through the circulatory system by lipoproteins (Lipids attached to protein molecules) carriers. Total cholesterol level incorporates the measure of cholesterol conveyed by HDL (high-density lipoprotein) and LDL (low density ipoprotein), and in addition, a little amount conveyed by low-density lipoprotein. This estimation, however, does not give a particular value for every lipoprotein. The total cholesterol test is utilized to screen for heart disease risk or to examine general progress in those on a special diet or medication for high cholesterol.
Must Know What’s Your Cholesterol Level:
- Desirable: lower than 240 mg/dl
- Borderline high: 200-239 mg/dl
- High-risk: higher than 240 mg/dl
HDL cholesterol levels are generally associated with lower risk for heart disease. It takes excess cholesterol away from heart arteries. That’s why HDL cholesterol is known as “good cholesterol”. It is better for you to have high HDL cholesterol level.
- Desirable: higher than 35 mg/dl
As opposed to HDL cholesterol, LDL is known as bad cholesterol because high LDL in the blood is associated with blockage of heart arteries. LDL is calculated in those who have high-risk factors for heart disease or have a high cholesterol level.
- Desirable: less than 130 mg/dl
- Borderline: 130-1159 mg/dl
- High-risk: higher than mg/dl
Lipids that help store fat in the body are called triglycerides. High inflammation in pancreas can be caused by high glyceride levels. High levels of triglycerides may play a role in heart disease risk.
- Desirable: lower than 250 mg/dl
How To Improve Lipid Profile?
You can adopt a few habits to improve your lipid profile which may help you to reduce heart disease risk as well.
1- Avoid Smoking:
Smoking is injurious to health and in itself is a major risk factor of heart disease. Furthermore, it lowers your HDL (good cholesterol level). Nicotine in cigarettes helps raise blood pressure and produces blood clots and is a major chemical that contributes to heart disease.
2- Take Low-Fat Diet:
You have to change the way you eat. Low-fat food and low-cholesterol diet helps you to maintain a healthy lipid level. level. Low-fat diet includes green, leafy vegetables including onions, carrots, sweet potatoes, cucumber, cauliflower, lettuce and spinach are the perfect low-fat foods and contain little to no fats!
3- Reduce Weight:
If you are obese then try to lose weight. A healthy and low-calorie diet will help you reduce weight. Obesity is known to be the top contributors for heart-related illnesses.
4- Get Some Exercise:
Try to stay active and get some exercise. You can consult with a doctor for suitable exercise plan. An active and healthy lifestyle helps keep your lipid levels under control keeps Cardiologist in Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad through oladoc.com, or call our helpline at 042-3890-0939 for assistance to find the RIGHT Doctor for your heart-health concerns.