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Coronary Artery Disease In Young Population

Dr. Farhan Umair

1 min read

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Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), often associated with aging and unhealthy lifestyle choices, is increasingly affecting younger adults, presenting a concerning trend in cardiovascular health. This article explores the causes, risks, and preventive measures for CAD in the younger population.

Traditionally considered a disease of older individuals, CAD is now becoming more prevalent among younger adults, with alarming implications. While genetic factors play a role, lifestyle choices such as poor diet, sedentary behavior, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption contribute significantly to the early onset of CAD.


  1. Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity weakens the heart muscle, increases cholesterol levels, and promotes obesity, all of which are risk factors for CAD.
  2. Unhealthy Diet: High intake of processed foods, saturated fats, and sugars elevates cholesterol levels, leading to plaque buildup in the arteries.
  3. Smoking: Tobacco smoke damages blood vessels, reduces oxygen levels in the blood, and accelerates the progression of atherosclerosis.
  4. Obesity and Diabetes: Excess weight and insulin resistance not only increase the risk of CAD but also exacerbate its severity and complications.
  5. Stress and Mental Health: Chronic stress, anxiety, and depression can trigger inflammation and hormonal imbalances that contribute to CAD development.

Signs and Symptoms

Younger individuals may overlook or misinterpret symptoms of CAD, assuming they are too young to be affected. Symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and palpitations should not be ignored, especially if they occur during physical activity or are accompanied by risk factors like a family history of heart disease.

Preventive Measures:

  1. Healthy Lifestyle Choices: Adopting a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, quitting smoking, and moderating alcohol intake are crucial for preventing CAD.
  2. Regular Health Check-ups: Routine screenings for blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar can help detect risk factors early and prompt intervention.
  3. Stress Management: Practices such as mindfulness, meditation, and counseling can mitigate the impact of stress on heart health.
  4. Genetic Counseling: Individuals with a family history of CAD should consider genetic counseling to assess their inherited risk factors and take appropriate precautions.


Coronary Artery Disease is no longer an exclusive concern for the elderly; it is increasingly affecting younger adults, emphasizing the importance of proactive measures to safeguard cardiovascular health. By addressing modifiable risk factors and adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle, individuals can reduce their susceptibility to CAD and enjoy a longer, healthier life. Early detection and intervention are pivotal in combating this growing health challenge among the younger population.

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are intended to raise awareness about common health issues and should not be viewed as sound medical advice for your specific condition. You should always consult with a licensed medical practitioner prior to following any suggestions outlined in this article or adopting any treatment protocol based on the contents of this article.

Dr. Farhan Umair
Dr. Farhan Umair - Author Dr. Farhan Umair is a Cardiologist in Lahore with over 13 years of experience. You can consult him through oladoc.

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