Vascular disease is any abnormal condition of the blood vessels (arteries and veins). The body uses blood vessels to circulate blood around the body. Any problems along this vast network can cause severe disability and death. Hence, vascular disease treatment is very important.
The conditions of the vascular system can be gangrene, varicose veins, or peripheral artery disease. To learn more about this medical problem, oladoc invited Dr. Ilyas Sadiq (Best endovascular surgeon in Lahore) to discuss common vascular diseases and problems in detail.
Dr. Ilyas Sadiq has the following degrees: FRCS, Diplomats Intercollegiate Specialty Board, EITS, Diploma in Vascular Doppler Ultrasound, Diploma in Peripheral Angioplasty, CCST and has 27 years of experience.
Q.1. What are vascular diseases?
Basically, vascular diseases are diseases of the blood vessels. Disorders in this vast network of blood vessels can cause a range of health problems which can be severe or prove fatal.
A very common vascular disease include varicose veins that are swollen, twisted veins that you can see just under the skin. But vascular diseases can affect deep vessels of stomach, neck and brain.
Q.2. What is gangrene?
One of the most common vascular disease conditions is gangrene. Gangrene means “tissue death”. When any body part/tissue dies from the body, that condition is known as gangrene. It could be a leg or a finger or parts of it.
Gangrene first appears in a colour change. The dying tissues first turn blue, and then eventually black. If something like this happens, then you must immediately contact a vascular surgeon immediately. Gangrene spreads extremely fast, so prompt treatment is required.
Q.3. What are the causes of gangrene?
When blood can’t travel freely throughout the body, the cells cannot survive. One can get infection and gangrene develops. So, any condition that affects blood flow in your body increases your risk for gangrene. Those conditions include diabetes, trauma or serious injury, heart diseases, such as atherosclerosis, obesity or a weak immune system.
Q.4. What is the best treatment for gangrene?
After the diagnosis of gangrene, it can be treated with medicine. However, there are other ways of treating gangrene, such as surgery or more specifically endovascular surgery.
The main goal of the treatment is to save the dead tissue and prevent other tissues from getting affected. In severe and unfortunate cases, amputation may be required.
Q.5. What are varicose veins?
The second most common vascular ailment is varicose veins. Varicose veins are twisted, swollen veins that often appear black, blue or purple. They are most commonly seen on legs.
Its treatment options include surgery, laser and /or injection.
If you want to learn more about vascular diseases and vascular disease treatment, then watch the full interview.