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Hernia Repair Surgery – All You Need To Know

Dr. Kamran Chaudhry

2 min read

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Want to know more about hernia repair surgery? Keep reading as we tell you all you need to know about it! But even before discussing how a hernia is treated lets first take a look at what a hernia is, its common types and causes.

What is a hernia?

A hernia occurs when an internal organ or other body component protrudes through the muscle or tissue wall that normally surrounds it. The majority of hernias occur in the abdominal cavity, between the chest and the hips.

Types of hernia

The most common types of hernia include:

1) Inguinal hernia

In this type of hernia, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the abdominal wall or into the inguinal canal in the groin. Inguinal hernias account for over 90 percent of all groin hernias, most of which arise in men due to an inherent weakness in this area.

2) Femoral hernia

At the upper part of the inner thigh, fatty tissue or a section of the intestine protrudes into the groin. Femoral hernias are far less common than inguinal hernias and mostly affect elderly, obese, or pregnant women.

3) Umbilical hernia

Near the navel, fatty tissue or a section of the intestine pushes through the abdomen (belly button). It is common in newborns, overweight women, or those who have had many kids.

 4) Hiatal hernia

 It occurs when the upper part of the stomach squeezes through the hiatus, an opening in the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes.

Causes of hernia

All hernias are triggered by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle; the pressure forces an organ or tissue through the weak spot or opening. At times, muscle weakness is present at the time of birth. It is associated with aging as well.

Anything that causes repeated strain on the abdomen can result in a hernia, such factors include:

  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Frequent coughing or sneezing
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy

How is a hernia treated?

Hernias normally do not recover on their own, so surgery might be the only option to repair them. There are 3 types of hernia surgeries:

1) Open hernia repair surgery

Open surgery is when an incision is made into the body at the point where the hernia is situated. The projecting tissue is sewn together, and the weakening muscular wall is reattached.

Sometimes a sort of mesh is implanted in the area for added support. Most patients will be able to go home within a few hours of surgery and feel entirely normal within a few days. Strenuous activities and exercise are prohibited for the first few weeks after surgery.

2) Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery

Laparoscopic (minimally invasive) hernia repair requires a laparoscope, a thin, telescope-like instrument inserted through a small incision at the belly button. This procedure is normally executed under general anesthesia.

A minute video camera is attached to the laparoscope. The surgeon repairs the hernia using images from the laparoscope as a guide. The abdomen is inflated with a safe gas (carbon dioxide) to make room for the surgeon to examine your interior organs.

To disclose the weakness in the abdominal wall, the peritoneum (the inner lining of the abdomen) is sliced. The mesh is inserted inside the abdominal wall to cover the flaws and strengthen the tissue.

The incisions are closed with a stitch or surgical tape after the procedure is completed. They are barely noticeable after a few months.

Three small scars instead of one larger incision, less pain after surgery, and speedy recovery are some advantages of laparoscopic hernia surgery.

3) Robotic hernia repair surgery

It is also like laparoscopic surgery. It is done through small incisions and requires a laparoscope. The surgeon performs robotic surgery while seated at a console in the operating room, where he controls the surgical instruments. In addition to treating minor hernias or weak sections, Robotic surgery can also be utilized to repair the abdominal wall.

The advantage of this procedure is that it provides three-dimensional images of the inside of the abdomen compared to the two-dimensional images of laparoscopic surgery. Robotic surgery also permits the surgeon to easily use stitches to sew tissue and meshes inside the abdomen.

The nature, size, and location of your hernia are the factors that will influence the type of surgery you’ll need. Your doctor will also consider your age, health, and lifestyle.

You can find a competent General Surgeon in Lahore through oladoc.com to carry out a hernia repair surgery.

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are intended to raise awareness about common health issues and should not be viewed as sound medical advice for your specific condition. You should always consult with a licensed medical practitioner prior to following any suggestions outlined in this article or adopting any treatment protocol based on the contents of this article.

Dr. Kamran Chaudhry - Author Dr. Kamran Chaudhry is an expert General Surgeon with 20 years of experience practicing at Faisal Hospital, Lahore. You can book an appointment with Dr. Kamran Chaudhry through oladoc.com or by calling at 04238900939.
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