Gynecology 101: The ‘Who’ and ‘What’ of Gynecologists / An Introduction to Gynecologists

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Gynecology 101

Derived from the Greek words gynaikos (woman) and logia (study), Gynecology is literally ‘the study of women’. This particular branch of the medical sciences requires, 3 years of intense specialization post-MBBS.

Who is a Gynecologist?

Generally, a doctor who practices the diagnosis and treatment of various issues pertaining to the female reproductive system; uterus, Fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries and vagina. is referred to as a gynecologist. In addition, a gynecologist also focuses on various reproductive health related issues from the onset of puberty to late menopause. Being closely linked to the reproductive system, problems pertaining to the bowel, bladder and urinary system, might also be treated by a gynecologist.

When Should Your First Visit Be?

Specialists generally recommend placing your first appointment soon after the onset of your first period, with the general age range being between 13-15 years-although early menstruators younger than 13 should also be taken for a consultation.

What Can a Gynecologist Do For You?

Capable of performing both surgical and non-surgical procedures, a gynecologist can offer a diagnosis and treatment of menstrual and fertility issues, genital problems, yeast and bacterial infections, prolapse of pelvic organs and general health screenings, in addition to providing pregnancy care options. Some possible surgical procedures include:

  1. Tubal ligation: Permanent birth control
  2. Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus
  3. Oophorectomy: Removal of the ovary
  4. Salpingectomy: Removal of the Fallopian tubes
  5. Cone biopsy: Extraction of cervical precancerous cells
  6. Laparoscopy: Examination and treatment of various reproductive issues via a camera and specialized instruments.

Additionally, gynecologists are also required to keep in check other non-reproductive ailments, such as diabetes in a patient, inform them of the effects of these conditions on their reproductive and urinogenital systems and treat them accordingly.

The Difference Between a Gynecologist and Obstetrician:

While the general focus and time required for specialization are similar, an Obstetrician is concerned only with conception, pregnancy issues, delivery complications, maternal and infant care and contraception. Whereas, a Gynecologist focuses on the reproductive and urinogenital systems as a whole -including various issues lying outside the sphere of fertility care such as cancerous tumors-alongside the work done by an obstetrician. This is why a gynecologist can also be an obstetrician, hence the title ‘OB/GYN’. However, they can also choose not to practice obstetrics.


The 4 recognized sub-specialisms of obstetrics and gynecology are:

  1. Gynecologic oncology: For reproductive system cancers.
  2. Maternal/fetal medicine: For intensive care during high risk pregnancies.
  3. Reproductive endocrinology: For treating fertility issues.
  4. Urogynecology: For Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery and urinary tract problems.

You can now book an appointment with a top Gynecologist in Karachi, Multan and Islamabad through Or call our helpline at 042-3890-0939 for assistance to find the RIGHT Doctor for your womanly needs.

About the Writer:

Yashfa Marrium is a freelance writer and health enthusiast. You can reach her at [email protected]

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are intended to raise awareness about common health issues and should not be viewed as sound medical advice for your specific condition. You should always consult with a licensed medical practitioner prior to following any suggestions outlined in this article or adopting any treatment protocol based on the contents of this article.

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