Psychology 101: What you need to know about Psychologists

Ms. Nida Ghani

2 min read

Psychology 101: What you need to know about Psychologists

Defined as the science of the mind and behavior, Psychology was first recognized as an independent field of study in 1879 by German scientist Wilhelm Wundt, also known as ‘the Father of Psychology’. Here’s a brief glimpse at one of the rapidly rising medical professions in Pakistan:

Who is a Psychologist?

Psychologists are ‘social scientists’ whose core duty is to promote good mental health and an accurate understanding of it through a detailed study on human behaviour and mental processes. To become certified professionals, a B.Sc., M.Sc. and GRE Test-for further specialisation-in Psychology are required.

Psychologists also study the interrelationship of humans with their environment and provide relevant diagnoses for individual patients or research-backed theories for societal improvement.

Their Core Duties:

A psychologist is concerned with mental well-being and the identification and diagnosis of factors that endanger it. The general process is listening to their patients, administering personality, aptitude, vocational and other tests for accurate evaluation and developing a therapeutic treatment plan, with the assistance of other specialists-usually psychiatrists-if needed.

Conditions They Treat:

Psychologists not only treat mental health disorders such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD), but also help people recover from trauma, substance addiction, stress and anxiety as well as personality and self-esteem issues. They also provide relationship counselling and anger management advice.

Treatments They Employ:

Since they are not medical doctors, and hence, unqualified for medicinal treatment, psychologists often collaborate with psychiatrists where mental health disorders such as ‘schizophrenia’-which require clinical treatment-are concerned.

They instead focus on using different forms of therapy to uncover and help deal with or treat the social aspects affecting a patient’s mental condition, which include:

  • Cognitive Therapies
  • Behavioral Therapies
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies
  • Interpersonal Therapies
  • Humanistic Therapies
  • Psycho-dynamic Therapies
  • or a combined set of any of the above, as required.

Types of Psychologists:

All psycho-specialists are trained as clinical psychologists, with further specializations being:

Research Psychologists:

They work on entire populations and aim to understand the functioning of memory, thought and perception through lab tests and live trials.

Counselling Psychologists:

They usually work in schools and hospitals and aim to foster mental well-being and personal growth through individual and group counselling.


They study the effects of brain function on behavioral changes and problems. They can be lab-based or treat neutrally-impaired patients as clinical specialists.

Industrial-Organisational Psychologists:

They work with businesses and organizations to promote mental health among employees and improve organizational environment.

Forensic Psychologists:

They perform psychological evaluations of law offenders and work with child witnesses of crime.

Developmental Psychologists:

They research lifetime behavioral-pattern changes and might focus certain age groups, such as ‘pediatric psychology’.

When Should You Visit a Psychologist?

Aside from PTSD or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Bipolar Disorder and major depression sufferers, a visit might also be necessary for those with phobias, unhealthy addictions and unexplained, recurrent headaches. Also consult a specialist if you experience sudden outbursts of anger, severe mood swings or a disconnection with people and surroundings.

Your mental health is just as important as your body. Let go of social stigma and do not hesitate to Book an Appointment with a top Psychologist in Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad through Or call our helpline at 042-3890-0939 for assistance to find the RIGHT Doctor to care for your mental health.

About the Writer:

Yashfa Marrium is a freelance writer and health enthusiast. You can reach her at [email protected]

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are intended to raise awareness about common health issues and should not be viewed as sound medical advice for your specific condition. You should always consult with a licensed medical practitioner prior to following any suggestions outlined in this article or adopting any treatment protocol based on the contents of this article.

Ms. Nida Ghani Ms. Nida Ghani is a Psychologist practicing in Lahore. Over the last 3 years, she has been helping her patients deal with various mental and psychological conditions. You can get an appointment with her through oladoc.

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